Drive-Through Facilities Amendment
An ordinance was introduced by Council President Bender on February 9, 2018, to amend regulations for drive-through facilities.
The current draft of the amendment would expand the prohibition of new drive-through facilities to all zoning districts citywide and add clarity to the existing definition of “drive-through facility.” Existing drive-through facilities would be able to continue to operate, provided that they do not discontinue operation for more than a year and therefore retain nonconforming rights. Currently, drive-through facilities are already banned in 17 of the 23 primary zoning districts and are only allowed in six districts.
Where the PO Pedestrian Oriented Overlay District or WB West Broadway Overlay District are present, drive-through facilities are not (generally) allowed. In addition, fast food restaurants in new buildings are only permitted in limited commercial and industrial areas of the city.
Goals of the Amendment
The amendment would expand upon the current trajectory of limiting the areas of the City where new drive-throughs are allowed. Prohibiting drive-throughs in all areas of the city will carry out existing adopted policy and goals related to land use, transportation, and the environment. The amendment would also achieve consistency with policies found in the Minneapolis 2040 comprehensive plan, which will have a legal effective date later in 2019 and includes a policy that new drive-throughs shall be prohibited.
Prohibiting the establishment of new drive-through facilities would help to discourage a built environment that is associated with the following negative impacts to the public:
- Vehicle emissions and air pollution resulting from trip generation and idling vehicles
- Excess paved areas to accommodate vehicle waiting, queuing, and maneuvering. (Note: drive-throughs are subject to minimum stacking space and lane dimension requirements in Chapter 541, Off-Street Parking and Loading, Section 541.390).
- More curb cuts, leading to more conflict points between vehicles and pedestrians, as well as the potential for vehicles blocking sidewalks
- Litter, noise, and light impacts
- Auto-oriented site and building design
Applicable Sections of the Zoning Code
The following chapters of the zoning code are expected to be impacted by the proposed ordinance and are under consideration as part of the amendment:
- Chapter 520, Introductory Provisions
- Chapter 521, Zoning Districts and Maps Generally
- Chapter 530, Site Plan Review
- Chapter 531, Nonconforming Uses and Structures
- Chapter 541, Off-Street Parking and Loading
- Chapter 543, On-Premise Signs
- Chapter 548, Commercial Districts
- Chapter 549, Downtown Districts
- Chapter 550, Industrial Districts
- Chapter 551, Overlay Districts
- City Planning Commission Committee of the Whole (May 16, 2019)
- City Planning Commission (June 3, 2019) This meeting includes the opportunity to provide testimony at a public hearing.
- City Council Zoning & Planning Committee (August 1, 2019)
- Minneapolis City Council (August 8, 2019)
Following the mayoral signature, the ordinance will be formally adopted on July 22, 2019, provided that the amendment is reviewed and approved according to the current schedule
- Legislation Details Regulations of drive-through facilities ordinance (2018-00148)
- City Planning Commission Committee of the Whole Memo (May 16, 2019)
- Staff report and draft ordinance prepared for the City Planning Commission (June 3, 2019)
CPED Code Development Staff
Contact Jason Wittenberg with any questions or comments.
For all media inquiries, please contact the City of Minneapolis Communications Department.
Last updated Jul 17, 2019